“With the available resources we had…”

Understanding the organizational dynamics of local, indigenous, community-based groups directly serving vulnerable families is vastly different from the project-based, accountability-by-paper world of the aid industry. While those in the aid system may acknowledge local groups’ resourcefulness in mobilizing local resources, their language and cultural competencies, and responsiveness to communities’ needs, there are challenges in working with local groups that many organizations are not up to. James Oonyu, the Founder and National Director of Liregu Christian Grace Ministries, a faith-based community development organization based in Lira, Uganda, shares the capacity challenges his organization faces. He also describes the very real challenges he comes up against in working with donors.

The question remains—how can we begin to tackle these challenges on both sides?


The way the donor system works right now doesn’t favor a majority of community-based organizations (CBOs). I think there is need to rethink their approach, which works so perfectly with well-established organizations. The bigger organizations that are well supported by the donors are so wasteful with high administrative costs and a focus on matters of policy. CBOs accomplish their objectives because they understand the community so well, because that is where they are based.

James Oonyu, Founder and Director of Liregu Christian Grace Ministries, leads a community meeting in northern Uganda.

This is where I began from when creating the organization I work with today (www.liregu.org). With very little education and after struggling to find what to do, I decided to initiate a community-based organization in 2002. With my natural talent of community mobilization and a little knowledge gathered on the Internet on formation and management of CBOs, I went back to this slum where I partly grew up and put up a community leadership structure and set up specific objectives we needed to achieve to support our community.

Our drive was to begin the CBO with the available resources we had; we had local people, time and our ideas of local activities we could engage to address our community’s most pressing needs. Among the greatest challenges our community faced was a high rate of HIV/AIDS, environmental health and the orphan crisis. We focused a lot in raising HIV awareness and home support of orphaned children using our own local resources. We formed music, dance and drama clubs and put up wonderful community HIV/AIDS awareness shows. We also fundraised within the community to support education of orphaned children and vigorously mobilized the community to keep our slum clean to prevent diseases.

As much as we did this, we were so concerned about our growth and sustainability. We had trust, a committed leadership structure (though many were semi-literate), a bank account, and involved local communities in all our program activities. We were also gender sensitive. It was mostly women who formed part of our leadership and despite our Christian evangelical background, we worked with everyone without discrimination. We did this to position our CBO to compete for donor support. However, each time we submitted proposals to donors, we were turned down for lack of technical ability to manage their funds.

James Oonyu shares a moment with community members of Liregu Christian Grace Ministries.

We had no resources to hire technical staff to write “professional” proposals or to pay for an expensive annual audit, which are core requirements from donors. Some of the managers of well-established organizations did reach out to us to help us grow, but they also put across very tough conditions–they asked for bribes! Once one of these representatives drove 350km just to come to share with us how he could approve our proposal if we agreed to hand over a quarter of the funds we asked for to him once funding was approved. He was so disappointed when we refused that he promised to “kill” our CBO. However, his plan failed!

The biggest practical challenge most CBOs face is lack of technical capacity. Many of them are initiated by local communities without relevant skills. However, they so well understand needs and culture of their community and they even know right approaches to address their pressing problems. However, many CBOs lack understanding of how to design achievable projects, fundraising, and financial management. To me, the relationship between CBOs and the donor community must begin from building their capacity first before funding is provided. If not, they will inadvertently “steal” from the project funding they are given to build their capacity and meet their administrative costs.

These are just some of the many challenges sincere CBOs on the ground face, which frustrates the process of building strong relationships with donors and other larger organizations.


James Oonyu is a development practitioner with eleven years of experience working to empower local communities in Uganda. He is a Founder and National Director of Liregu Christian Grace Ministries, a faith-based community development organization based in Lira, Uganda. He has also worked as a project administrator at Adam Smith International, an international advisory firm working throughout the world to help reform and improve economies and institutions. He holds a merit postgraduate certificate in research methods of Centre for Basic Research in Uganda and a 1st Class Honors degree in development studies from Ndejje University.


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  1. We face some of the same obstacles in Palestine, and from what I hear, these exist all over the world. Local civil societies are divided between the professionalized, donor-funded elite (who often do great work but not necessarily in accordance with local priorities) and the small, grassroots groups that work in their own communities, often without funding. Seeing their work, I’m coming to believe that working without external funding, and utilizing local resources, may be the best way to go, difficult as it is when there is so much money around for those who match donors’ interests.

  2. Ghulam Mujtaba Advocate

    you really know the real cause of failure of the cbo .it is very clear the bigger ngos have resources to tackle administrative costs but the smaller and newer ngos have not the resources as well as expertise to face the cost.I appreciate your struggle that you bring to light the real problems. I have suggestion for the doner groups that they should visit the countries ,they want to finance and they should really understand the real problems of the communities ,otherwise the Donner organizations should provide smaller grants to small ngos and the ngos should be given a chance to show their worth.I have an ngo and working for the poor people jails who have no resources to engage the lawyers but unfortunately there is no appreciation on the part of government as well as from the international community.I wonot say that our ngo will stop working but i say thet our ngo should be given some encourgement,because we are financing the ngo from our own pockets,we don’t need project finance,we just need means of transportation and a well equipped office and a internet connection .we are ready to enter into a contract with any bigger ngo who could finance us.because we have passion to do work,and we are doing it,if we are financed ,we will do it with great pleasure. I hope Jenifer you will turn some ngo’s attention towards us.we are a registered ngo and working in district sahiwal Pakistan.
    Ghulam Mujtaba
    Anjuman Vatan organization

  3. i agree that ur doing quite a remarkable job and u have all the reasons to get quite bitter for the government not appreciating what u do but i believe the people u help appreciate ur work. at least u have managed to do great job

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